It is important for teachers to understand what fluency is, but it is equally important for students to understand what a fluent reader is. The knowledge of what a fluent reader is gives a student an obtainable goal to work for.
These bookmarks have been extremely helpful with my students. The students keep them in their independent reading bucket. Having them close at hand makes it easier for the student to make a conscious effort to focus on improving their fluency. You can grab a copy of these bookmarks for FREE HERE.